The term pharmacy in scientific terms can be defined as the practice production, dispensing, discovering, preparing and thereby reviewing various drugs, mainly to attest to the fact that the drug is useful, safe and affordable to use. It should be known that the science of pharmacy deals with pharmaceutical sciences, health sciences, and natural sciences as well. Over time, practicing the pharmacy profession is becoming much more clinically oriented because nowadays almost all of the drugs out there are getting produced by their respective pharmaceutical companies. It should be remembered that based on the kind of industry, the pharmacy can be classified into either institutional or community pharmacy.
As of the current day and age, the degree of pharmacy can only be provided by the Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) or All Indian Council of Technical Education (AICTE).
Types of Courses and Its Eligibility
There are currently four types of Pharmacy Admission courses and they are as follows:
B Pharmacy Admission Process and Courses in Detail
To get synonymous with the b-pharmacy admission process, candidates need to follow the below eligibility criteria:
The candidate must be at least 17 years of age when applying for Pharmacy Admission.
He or she should be at least 12th standard pass and has obtained the certificate for Higher Secondary Education.
The candidate should have a science stream in his or her 10 + 2 exam level, with the following subjects – Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics (or Biology).
It should be known that the requirements for Pharmacy Admission may vary and if the candidate wants to be a top contender for admission into this course then getting a higher state rank or in the entrance exam of the specific institution is crucial.
In case a candidate wants to start the course of B-Pharma from its second year (which is otherwise known as a lateral entry) then he or she must pass D-Pharma from a college that has been approved by PCI.
If a candidate is planning to get d-pharmacy admission, the following set of eligibility criteria need to be maintained:
The age of the candidate should be at least 17 years during the admission period.
The candidate should possess the certificate of completing or passing his or her Higher Secondary Education,
The student should be from science stream and the currently required subjects for admission are Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics (or Biology).
The candidate should have acquired at least 40 percent marks in each of the subjects mentioned above to get into the course for Pharmacy Admission.
It should be known that the cost of pursuing D-Pharma and B-Pharma will be dependent on the type of institution chosen by the candidate.
Pharma D or the Doctor of Pharmacy course was launched in the Indian market, in the year 2008, by none other than PCI. As of the current date, the overall duration of the Pharma D course is about six years where the students need to first complete their five-year courses and they move onto a one year course for the internship.
Since this course mainly caters towards postgraduate candidates, students who pass Pharma D can directly apply for Ph.D. Furthermore, it should be remembered that the candidates of Pharma D are eligible to add the prefix of ‘Dr’ before their name credentials. The same will also be shown on the passing certificate which is to be issued by the college or institution (approved by PCI) from which the candidate has passed.
M Pharma or Master Of Pharmacy is currently a two-year course and the following are some of the eligibility criteria that candidates must follow for such type of Pharmacy Admission procedure:
The candidate should have passed his or her B-Pharma course from any reputed PCI-approved college or institution.
The student should have scored at least an aggregate of 55 percent marks over four years for the B-Pharma course.
The following are some of the postgraduate specialties that students can pursue M-Pharma and thereby get Pharmacy Admission for the same,
Phytopharmacy & Phytomedicine
Pharmaceutical Quality Assurance
Other types of specialty courses that are prescribed by the PCI over time.
Examination to Get Admission in Pharmacy
It should be known that the AICTE carries out the GPAT or Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test for Pharmacy Admission all over India. This entrance exam is used as a litmus test for students to get admitted into postgraduate or PG-level courses which have been approved by AICTE.
What Is The Difference Between M-Pharma, B-Pharma, and Pharma-D?
There’s no denying that the course for Pharma-D is highly different than other pharmacy courses in Maharashtra such as M-Pharma or B-Pharma. One of the main differences is that the course for Pharma-D is much more orientated for clinical studies than the other two mentioned above, clinically oriented in this case means that, the course is very much specific to each patient.
When the students get enrolled in the course for Pharmacy Admission, they are trained and taught the various ways through which they can provide counseling to their patients and thereby inform them of the respective drug or medicine along with its dose, time of intake and also the method. The Pharma-D course mainly caters to the process through which a drug reacts to the human body. This includes the adverse reactions, actions and also the side-effects that are inflicted by intaking the drug by a patient. The course also goes in-depth about the related diseases for the drug combined with any later complications that the patient has to face in case the disease is kept untreated for a long time.
Pharma-D also deals with the changes in lifestyle required in the life of a patient to enhance his or her health. The students who are studying in this course are also known by the name of ‘clinical pharmacist’.
Comparatively, B-Pharma and M-Pharma are generally oriented according to the industry where students get to learn about drug sources, drug formulation, drug production, drug’s pharmacological actions and the like.